Hurricanes, Fires, Floods: It’s Best to Be Prepared

September 14, 2018 9:28 AM

Disasters happen. Here’s some tips from an ER physician about how to prepare for you and your family

Hurricane from above

As the wild winds and heavy rain from Hurricane Florence wreak havoc in the Carolinas, you may be wondering what would I do if disaster strikes?

If those scary images of bent-over trees and rampaging storm surges don’t spur you to action, it’s also National Preparedness Montha good time to think about some easy preparedness steps you can take all year to keep your family safe.

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Despite the best planning, accidents, injuries, and medical emergencies are often unavoidable. Fortunately, thousands of emergency physicians are on duty 24 hours a day, seven days a week, 365 days a year, to take care of you and your family when you need it most.

However, there are some common sense preparedness tools you can use to lower your risk of injury. By planning ahead, you can be prepared, and keep you and your family safe when the unexpected occurs.

Here are some easy tips:

Have a plan

  • Involve each family member in the planning process.  Make kids a part of the discussion and planning, and encourage them to think of it as preparing for a challenge.

  • Make sure each family member understands your family plan for each emergency situation, including where to meet in the event of a fire in the home or where the emergency shelter would be in case of a tornado or other severe weather event.

  • Have a plan in case family members are not home at the time of an emergency. This should include where you will meet up, how you will get in contact with each other and planning a safe meeting place such as a friend or relative’s home.

Make an emergency kit

  • Be sure to have enough food and water for you and every member of your family to last at least three days. In a large-scale disaster it may take days before relief supplies arrive.

  • Stock your kit with important items, such as extra medications you may need and a spare set of eyeglasses if you require them. And don’t forget baby formula and diapers for small children.

  • Pack a radio and extra batteries. This may be your only source of information after a large-scale disaster.

  • If you have a cell phone, you will need a way to keep it charged. Solar chargers or portable battery packs may be a good option. Make sure they are charged and ready to go, but keep in mind, after a large-scale disaster cellular networks may not be functioning properly.

  • Remember your pets.  Many people with pets will treat them like members of the family.  Be sure to have food and water for pets on hand as well, so you don’t have to share your own supplies.

 
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Be sure your home is safe

  • Check your smoke detector batteries at least twice a year and even if you have smoke detectors wired into your home electrical system, they still may take batteries. Be sure to also test your smoke detectors periodically.

  • Consider a carbon monoxide detector. Most homes contain appliances that may produce carbon monoxide if they are not functioning properly. A carbon monoxide detector can alert you to this invisible, odorless gas that can be deadly, sometimes without warning.

Medical preparedness

Individuals with medical conditions should plan ahead in case of emergency as well.

  • Keeping a week of medications on hand for emergencies can be very important, especially for people with conditions such as transplants, heart failure, or those that require careful adherence to a regular regimen. 

  • Remember that medications do expire, so be sure to rotate them.  Alternatively, keep a week supply in one convenient carrier with your medications where you can grab it quickly on your way to your shelter.

  • If you require oxygen, remember that if power is disrupted, devices like concentrators won’t work once the batteries run out.  Have a backup plan, such as extra batteries, or a portable generator. 

  • Remember not to run generators indoors or where exhaust can accumulate and become a hazard.  If possible, have a portable oxygen tank for emergencies until you are able to get to a location where power or more oxygen is available.

  • People who use nebulizers for breathing treatments should also keep an inhaler, or alternate ways of administering their medications in the event that power remains unavailable for a prolonged period of time.

Battery backup plan

There are many critical and life sustaining devices in home use such as ventilators, specialized IV pumps, and even cardiac assistive devices that require power.  While battery backups are available for these devices for short term use, it’s important to have a plan to keep these critical devices operational. 

Emergency shelters and local hospitals have generator backups that can provide power in emergencies for people with these devices.  If you require such a device, your plan should include getting to such a shelter quickly in the event of a prolonged outage.

Where I’d put that list?

Have a physical backup for your health information, especially if you store it on your phone. Write down or print out your medications, allergies, medical conditions, and other important health information so you have it available in an emergency.  Keep an updated copy with your emergency kit, so it’s always ready if you need it.

It’s also a good idea to keep older means of communication and navigation handy as well.  If you have one, a hand held GPS (with extra batteries) may be more reliable than your cell phone.  A paper map, in the event you need to travel a longer distance to a hospital, or other shelter, may be a good idea to keep on hand as well.  A portable radio can also provide important updates via local radio stations.  Be sure to have extra batteries on hand, or invest in one that uses solar, or a hand crank operated generator for power.

With a little planning, your family can be prepared for whatever comes your way.